The “People’s Fedayeen” are objecting not to Iranian capitalism but to its dependence (The enmity of the manifesto with dependent capitalism, too, is because this system “is the basis of this dependence”. This outlook is a bourgeois-nationalist outlook which is specifically based on the Kautskyite criticism of imperialism. The hardship of the masses, their poverty, ruin and lack of rights are regarded not as springing from the operation of capitalism in general, not as the products of this exploiting class system, but as resulting from “dependence” on imperialism. To put the blame of the miseries and hardships of this system on “imperialism” and to declare that “this dependence on imperialism can be broken and capitalism preserved at the same time”, is the very separation of imperialism from capitalism and its definition as the non-intrinsic adjunct and peculiarity of this system. (Should the comrades rage and say: “we did not say that capitalism must be preserved”, our reply is clearly this: “nor have you anywhere in the manifesto said that capitalism must be destroyed and that socialism must take its place – you have explicitly laid stress on the destruction of “dependence”) This outlook is pure Kautskyism. The comrades are duty-bound to declare to the masses that they are addressing, what will take the place of dependent capitalism, and for one who has not uttered a word of socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat, this is the very dead-lock of populism.